## Longest Game Feedback – Phoenix Bound (pt 3)

### June 14, 2013

Phoenix Bound does not currently have elements which require extremely protracted playtesting. This could change if the impact of a phoenix in the lives of their charges contributes to a long term goal or become intertwined over the course of play. Even so, there are several parts of Phoenix Bound which could benefit from simpler development tools prior to proper playtesting.

The two most crucial elements of Pheonix Bound that can be tested and refined on their own is the collaborative setting creation and the task resolution mechanic. In the first case, the setting creation system is entirely quantitative so testing it requires multiple players willing to add creative inputs. I suggest testing this for a few round with a willing group before a full playtest to ensure that there is enough guidance and structure and that the procedure produces the desired styles of setting for the game. Otherwise problems in this system could disrupt and taint the results of several full playtest sessions.

The task resolution mechanic, which involves choosing cards from a deck involves too many player decisions to reduce to simple probabilities. However, in systems like this it is often useful to consider a statistical player who simply plays a random card from the remainder of the cards they have available. By simply repeatedly resolving against such a “player” it is possible to estimate the impact of counting or not counting cards, as well as other intermediate strategies. It will also give a reasonable idea how often the deadly – you get twice or more than your opponent – outcomes actually occur among the different ways to play. I suspect this will reveal card counting makes enough of a difference to become necessary for the players, which may be more mental load for a task resolution mechanic than suits this game.

At its root Phoenix Bound is an interesting game about supernatural champions. I suspect that by delving further into what it means to protect and guide your charge an even more compelling game can be created. But, ultimately the proof is in the testing.

## A Brief List of RPG Development Tools

### June 6, 2013

Before I start recommending development methods for Longest Game entries, I figured I should describe them first. What follows is an incomplete list of tools for development:

Analytical Methods:

- Calculate Probability – this is directly calculating the probability of different outcomes and ensuring that those meet your design goals. This method works best when the piece you are analyzing is entirely random, such as a die mechanic, a sequence of card draws, or the intersection of simple probabilities.
- Estimate Biases – since games are played by humans (for the most part), you don’t just want to know what the actual likelihoods are, but you can use some of the research on statistical heuristics and biases to estimate how a person will perceive those uncertain events in play.
- Statistical Players – many games have the outcomes heavily depend on player choices, whether revealed or hidden. This can provide intractable for a direct probability analysis, unless you first model the players as statistical decision makers – turning some archetypal play strategies into automatic or weighted random selections among the options. Statistical players can be a powerful tool to enable solitaire testing of parts of your game (see below).
- Game Theory Methods – another way to handle player choice is to consider strategies and outcomes in a simple game. However, game theory works best in cases with definite, quantitative outcomes and a fixed number of decisions.

Experimental Methods:

- Experimental Probability – with or without statistical players, you can repeat procedures of your game to determine the actual outcome likelihoods. There are two ways to do this, using a computer lets you run a huge number of tests quickly, but doing it by hand also tells you about things like how long and how mentally intensive your procedure is.
- Pocket Testing – repeatedly performing any procedure or other fixed section in your game’s life cycle can tell you more than probability, it can help you determine the enjoyment level and mental and creative effort of the procedure and can help you refine it in isolation. This can be done with live players, statistical players, or if your game permits in a regular solitaire mode.
- Solitaire Testing – the easiest way to test a game in a protracted solitaire is if the game naturally supports it, otherwise statistical players are a powerful tool to enable it.
- General Play Testing – this is what we normally think of as play testing. How much you get out of play testing often depends on the clarity of your goals in testing and your metrics, i.e. how the game is reported and measured.

Each of these methods is intended to give you useful data on how your game works and what might improve it. Always be careful about being clear in your goals for each method, and not compromising those along the way. For example, if you want to test your text understand-ability, explaining procedures to players during that test will undermine that goal. However, if you wanted to test those procedures than it is better to make sure they are followed correctly regardless of the text.